MONEY MANAGEMENTFrom the Virginia Society of Certified Public Accountants - Presented by Dean Knepper, CPA, CFP®
PAYING FOR A CHILD’S COLLEGE EDUCATION WHEN YOU FAILED TO SAVE ENOUGH
(June 1, 2007) -- School may be coming to a close in the coming weeks, but parents of school-age children should begin planning now to meet the rising costs of a college education. This is especially critical for parents whose children will be attending college in a year or two. According to the Virginia Society of CPAs, there are steps you can take to make college education a reality for your child, even when you haven’t saved enough. Here are several strategies.
Treat selecting a college like any other purchasing decision
Most people can’t afford the most expensive house on the block or the latest luxury sedan. Yet when it comes to their children’s education, parents often feel that only the very best will do. The truth is that there are plenty of excellent affordable schools out there — you just need to do your homework.
One option is to have your child attend a less expensive school, such as a community college, for two years and then transfer and earn a degree from his or her top-choice college. The key to making this strategy work is to plan ahead and to make sure that the credits are transferable.
Use a tuition payment plan
Which sounds more doable — an annual lump-sum tuition payment of $15,000 or 10 payments of $1,500? Many schools have contracts with tuition management services that allow you to spread the annual cost of tuition over the course of the year, making 8, 10, or 12 payments. These aren’t considered loans so you pay no interest, although there is typically a small annual enrollment fee. Contact schools your child may be interested in attending and find out their tuition payment options.
Look for free money in the form of grants and scholarships
Grants and scholarships are out there, but they aren’t always easy to find. You should start by checking out individual college Web sites or associations related to your child’s talents or career aspirations.
Don't overlook local sources. The best strategy may be to hunt for multiple small scholarships from local service organizations, such as the Lions Club. Community-based awards may be smaller, but they're also easier to win.
Many large companies provide scholarship funds to the children of employees. Check with your company’s human resources department to see if your employer is one of them.
Another option is to use a reputable scholarship search site such as FastWeb.com or CollegeBoard.com. Be wary of any scholarship search engine that charges a fee — it may be a scam.
Look into student and parent loans
The most common type of student loan is the Stafford loan, a federally guaranteed
low-interest loan. For subsidized Stafford loans, which are awarded based on
financial need, the federal government pays the accruing interest while the
student is in school. On unsubsidized Stafford loans, accrued interest is paid
by the borrower.
Parents may borrow up to the full cost of a student’s education minus any financial aid with a PLUS (Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students) loan. To qualify, the parent must meet the lender’s eligibility requirements.
The Perkins student loan is awarded to students with exceptional financial need. Using a limited pool of federal funds, the school determines the actual awards and may choose to divide limited resources among many eligible students.
How not to pay for college
Resist the temptation to borrow against your house. A home equity loan could
put your house at risk and costs only slightly less than borrowing under the
federal PLUS program. Most CPAs advise against borrowing from your retirement
account to pay tuition. It is better to allow this money to grow and to take
advantage of student loans.
The Virginia Society of CPAs is the leading professional association dedicated to enhancing the success of all CPAs and their profession by communicating information and vision, promoting professionalism, and advocating members’ interests. Founded in 1909, the Society has nearly 8,000 members who work in public accounting, industry, government and education. This Money Management column and other financial news articles can be found in the Press Room on the VSCPA Web site at www.vscpa.com.
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